Every Mustang Engine Sorted by Size
From the relatively tiny 2.8 liter engines to the massive 7 liter monsters, we have every engine used in a Mustang listed by displacement. We have sorted these from largest to smallest (because that is way more fun). We have both the displacement in liters and cubic inches.
429 Cubic Inches / 7.0 Liters
The largest Mustang engine was a whopping 7 liters in displacement. It was known as the Boss 429 engine and was offered late in 1969 and was rated at over 370 horsepower. Ford also offered the Super Cobra Jet version of the 429 which has some changes and upped power to 375 horsepower.
428 Cubic Inches / 7.0 Liters
The 428 cubic inch engine was developed by Ford in 1966 to replace the 390 used in the larger cars. 1969 was the first year that Ford installed a 428 cu inch engine in a Mustang. Known as the 428 Cobra Jet engine it used a nodular cast iron block and crankshaft, forged steel piston rods and aluminum pistons. The 428 Cobra Jet used an external oil cooler as well.
427 Cubic Inches / 7.0 Liters
This massive 7 liter engine was offered for one year only in the Mustang. It was very expensive to make and offered less value to the customer than the 428 cubic inch engine. It was dropped after one year and the 428 became the engine of choice for the performance group unless you could afford the "Big Boss".
390 Cubic Inches / 6.4 Liters
The first 390 cubic inch (6.4 L liter) V8 Mustang engine was introduced in 1967 as a S-code, 320hp, V8 engine as an option. It was only offered in 1967, 1968 and again in 1969. The engine was the Ford FE Series V8 was introduced to replace the short-lived Ford Y-block engine. The 390, with 390.06 cu in (6.4 L) true displacement, had a bore of 4.05 inches (102.87 mm) and stroke of 3.785 inches (96.14 mm).
351 Cubic Inches / 5.8 Liters
The Mustang first offered a 351-cubic-inch small-block V-8 in 1969. Known as the 351 Windsor—for Ford’s Windsor, Ontario, engine plant—it was more than a longer-stroke version of the 302, using a different block and firing order. Offered in two- and four-barrel carburetor versions, the Windsor was a solid performer. However, it was a placeholder in the Mustang while Ford meanwhile finished prepping a more performance-oriented engine family, known by the internal code “335.” This would become the 351 Cleveland, named for where it was produced: Ford Engine Plant Number 2 in Cleveland. Aside from shared bore and stroke dimensions as well as displacement, the 351C was completely different from the 351W. The big story for the Cleveland was breathing. The cylinder heads were essentially plucked from the Boss 302, with minor changes.
330 Cubic Inches / 5.4 Liters
The 5,409 cc (5.4 L; 330.1 cubic inch) V8 is a member of the Modular engine family first introduced in the 1997 F-series pickups, in place of the 5.8L 351W. In 1999, Ford introduced the DOHC 4-valve 5.4 L in the Lincoln Navigator. Ford later used versions of the DOHC 4-valve 5.4 L in the 2000 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra R, the Ford GT supercar, and the Ford Shelby GT500. The Shelby GT500 uses a 4-valve DOHC 5.4 L with an Eaton M122H Roots type supercharger and air-to-liquid intercooler. The GT500 5.4 L shares its high-flow cylinder head castings with the Ford GT, with only minor machining differences, and shares camshafts with the 2003–2004 Ford Mustang SVT Cobra.
315 Cubic Inches / 5.2 Liters
The 315 cubic inch "Voodoo" V8 is a future classic. The Voodoo is a 5.2-liter, naturally aspirated V8 engine from used for the Ford Mustang Shelby GT350 and Ford Mustang Shelby GT350R. Featuring a dual overhead cam (DOHC) design, in a V configuration, the Ford Voodoo architecture has been part of the Ford Modular family since 2015. The latest 315 cubic engine is the "Predator" 5.2L V8, handbuilt for the 2020 GT500.
302 Cubic Inches / 5.0 Liters
First of all, 302 Cubic Inches is actually 4.94 liters, but don’t tell Ford who like to round up to 5 liters for their engines. The first 302 cubic inch (5.0 liter) V8 Mustang engine was introduced in 1968 as an F-code option (210hp V8 engine) and the J-code options (230hp Shelby Cobra V8 engine). The engine was known at the 302 Windsor V8. The 302 returned to the Mustang in 1982 as the “5.0 High Output” and ran through 1995 before being eventually replaced by the 4.6 liter modular Ford V8. In 2011 the new 5 liter displacement V8 came back to the Mustang lineup.
289 Cubic Inches / 4.7 Liters
The Ford Small Block is a series of automobile V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company beginning in July 1961. The engine was 289 Cubic Inches (4.7 Liter) in displacement. This 289 Cubic Inch V8 was used in the Mustang and was introduced the first year of Mustang production in 1964 as a D-code, 210hp, V8 engine; and a K-code 271 hp High Performance V8 engine. In all there were 11 289ci / 4.7L engine offerings.
281 Cubic Inches / 4.6 Liters
The 4.6 Liter (281 ci) engine used from 2005 to 2010 is a Single Overhead Cam (SOHC) engine using 3 valves per cylinder.Previously this engine had been reserved for the Mach 1 and Cobra style cars. The 4.6L engine runs on 87 octane fuel and is rated at 300 horsepower at 5750 rpm and 320 foot pounds of torque at 4500 rpm. The torque chart can be used for all similar 4.6 engines from 2005 to 2010.
260 Cubic Inches / 4.3 Liters
This was the first V8 installed in the Mustang, its block was painted black (paint code 903), heads were blue (paint code 963), and the valve covers and air cleaner were light blue (paint code 958). It was an enlarged version of the previous 221 CID V8 that Ford used in previous cars and the 260 had 164 horsepower.
256 Cubic Inches / 4.2 Liters
This engine started out its life as a great 302 ci engine, not so after it was de-tuned and modified, it was really sick after the Ford modifications. After modifications, it ended up being a 255 ci engine. Fortunately for mankind, the engine only saw two years of service and was retired. Thank God the 302ci (5.0L) was brought back in 1982. Following the second oil crisis in 1979, the 302 cu in (4.9 L) "5.0" engine was dropped in favor of a new 255 cu in (4.2 L) V8 due to its better fuel economy.
250 Cubic Inches / 4.1 Liters
The 250 cubic inch engine used in the Mustang was the Inline Six 250 and would become the standard engine offered by Ford with their Mustang in 1971 and was rated at the time for 155 hp. The Ford Inline Six 250 is essentially an Inline Six 200 that has had the stroke increased from 3.126 inches to 3.91 inches to get that 4.1 liter displacement.
244 Cubic Inches / 4.0 Liters
The 244 cubic inch engine used in the Mustang was the Ford Essex V6 engine which was a 90° V6 engine family built by Ford Motor Company at the Essex Engine Plant. The engine was initially offered in only a 3.8-liter displacement and powered Mustangs from 1983 till 2004. The 3.8–liter V6 was replaced by this 3.9 L version in 2004, though changes were minimal.
232 Cubic Inches / 3.8 Liters
The Ford Essex V6 engine was a 90° V6 engine family built by Ford Motor Company at the Essex Engine Plant. The engine was initially offered in only a 3.8-liter displacement and powered Mustangs from 1983 till 2004. The 3.8–liter V6 was replaced by a 3.9 L version in 2004, though changes were minimal.
227 Cubic Inches / 3.7 Liters
In 2011, the 3.7 Cyclone V6 became a standard engine in the Ford Mustang replacing the 4.0L Cologne V6. It was commonly known and marketed as the 3.7L Duratec V6. All Cyclone engines have the same 86.6 mm (3.41 in) stroke. This 227 cubic inch engine was used until Ford discontinued the V6 altogether in 2018 in favor of the 2.3 liter EcoBoost inline four.
200 Cubic Inches / 3.3 Liters
The first year that Ford used a 200 cubic inch (3.3 liter) displacement engine in a Mustang was in 1965 (August 1964 onward). It was a 120hp, 6-cylinder engine known as the Thriftpower Six and was standard. The Mustang continued to use the 200 as its base engine until it was dropped in 1971. In 1979 a 200 cubic inch (3.3 liter) displacement engine offering was re-introduced and used in 1979, 1980 and 1981 model years. After that it was just too small to drive the monstrous 1971, 1972 and 1973 Mustangs so it was eliminated from the Mustang engine line and replaced with a bigger 250 cubic inch engine.
171 Cubic Inches / 2.8 Liters
The first generation (US market) Ford cologne 2.8L V6 Engine was introduced in Mercury Capri, Mustang II, and Ford Pinto/Bobcat from 1974 to 1978. Cylinder specification is 93.03 mm Bore, 68.5 mm Stroke, 2,792 cc (171 cu in). Timing gears were used in place of a more traditional timing chain and sprockets. In addition to the Mustang II the Cologne V6 also powered the Generation 3 Mustangs in 1979.
170 Cubic Inches / 2.8 Liters
170 Cubic inch engine was only used on the early 1965 Mustangs, (often referred to as 1964 1/2). The engine code was "U". Paint color was black (paint code 903)and black heads with orange valve covers (paint code 912) and air cleaner. It was an inline six cylinder single barrel carbureted engine rated at 101 or 105 horsepower depending on who you believe.
140 Cubic Inches / 2.3 Liters
The 2.3 liter, 140 cid engine was used from 1979 to 1993, it was then dropped from the Mustang line and has not appeared since up to 2014. Prior to being called the 2.3 liter engine, there was a 140 cubic inch engine that magically appeared in 1974 in the Mustang II engine line. It ran from 1974 to 1978 when it was renamed a 2.3 liter engine.
137 Cubic Inches / 2.3 Liters
The EcoBoost 2.3L is a turbocharged four-cylinder engine used to power compact, midsize and full-size cars, pickup trucks and utility vehicles and work in strict countries with tight emissions standards. Featuring a dual overhead cam (DOHC) design, in an inline configuration, the Ford EcoBoost 2.3L architecture is derived from the Mazda L engine and has been part of the Ford EcoBoost family of turbocharged engines since 2015
More Mustang Engine Research
Want to research Mustang engines some other way? Check out our other engine pages.